Country

Guyana

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Guyana.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Guyana's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Guyana's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.


Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

Guyana is located in South America, bordered by Venezuela, Brazil, Suriname, and the Atlantic Ocean. A portion of Guyana’s territory lies within the boundaries of the Amazon Basin where three of its main rivers (the Essequibo, the Demerara and the Berbice) emerge. Guyana is divided into four main national regions: the low coastal belt, the hilly sand and clay region, the interior savannahs and the forested highlands. Guyana is well endowed with natural resources, fertile agricultural lands, bauxite, gold and extensive tropical forests covering more than 80% of the country. Agriculture and natural resources are important sources of economic activity in Guyana. In 2016, agriculture, forestry, fishing and mining accounted for 31% of total GDP. 

Guyana remains committed to fighting against global climate change. Actions are implemented through the country’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. The country has been known for constant forest conservation. Through sustainably managing the state forest, Guyana’s government has made contributions to national forest policy. Furthermore, in partnership with the Kingdom of Norway, the country pioneered the Low Carbon Development Strategy (LCDS), developed a Measurement, Reporting, and Verification System (MRVS) for nation’s forest. Additionally, Guyana is in development of a national-level system for REDD. Guyana ratified the Paris Agreement on May 20, 2016 and the associated Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.