Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Germany.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Germany's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Germany's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

Germany is country located in Central Europe bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark. The total area of Germany is 357,409 km2, with agricultural land covering approximately 52%, forests 32%, settlements 13.7% and water 2%. The German economy is the fifth largest economy in the world in PPP terms and Europe’s largest. Germany is a leading exporter of machinery, vehicles, chemicals and household equipment. Gross domestic product (adjusted for inflation) increased by 1.9 % in 2016, the seventh year in succession. Services contribute to 68.6% GDP, industry contribute to 30.7% and agriculture to 0.7% GDP. According to the Federal Statistical Office, the country’s population was 82 million in 2015, of which 77% live in urban areas. Germany is part of the temperate, rainy climate zone of the mid-latitudes. Prevailing westerly winds carry moist air masses in from the Atlantic throughout the year. The maritime influence generally keeps winters mild and ensures that summers are not too hot. The mean air temperature has risen by 1.4°C between 1881 and 2015, and mean annual precipitation increased by over 10% for the same period (Seventh National Communication, 2017). Germany submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as an EU Member State in 2015.