Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Jordan.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Jordan's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Jordan's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a country in Western Asia dominated by arid deserts, the rift valley, and highlands and plains characterized by hot and dry weather conditions. Jordan’s economy is among the smallest in the Middle East and is largely dependent on trade and service-related activities. However, manufacturing, agriculture, mining and construction activities in recent years have contributed significantly to the country’s economy. The Jordanian government is scaling up efforts to boost and diversify its energy sector. Due to Jordan’s importation of 98% of its energy, its economy was negatively affected by the 2007 global financial crisis that caused fluctuations in prices and resulted in high unemployment rates. More than 80% of the country is unpopulated due to desert conditions, where annual precipitation falls under 50 millimeters. Aridity and water scarcity render Jordan environmentally sensitive to climate change.

The National Climate Change Policy of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (2013-2020) was issued by the Ministry of Environment in November 2013. The National Policy sets out long term and short term goals related to mitigation, vulnerability and adaptation actions. The Ministry of Environment is also responsible for coordinating efforts, preparing action plans and regulations as well as securing funds in the area of climate change. National policy provides climate change scenarios and sets out priorities and instruments in several sectors to include, water, agriculture, land use, coastal areas management, health and tourism. Jordan ratified the Paris Agreement on November 4, 2016 and the associated Intended Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.