Country

Jordan

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Jordan.

Country Context

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a country in Western Asia dominated by arid deserts, the rift valley, and highlands and plains characterized by hot and dry weather conditions. Jordan’s economy is among the smallest in the Middle East and is largely dependent on trade and service-related activities. However, manufacturing, agriculture, mining and construction activities in recent years have contributed significantly to the country’s economy. The Jordanian government is scaling up efforts to boost and diversify its energy sector. Due to Jordan’s importation of 98% of its energy, its economy was negatively affected by the 2007 global financial crisis that caused fluctuations in prices and resulted in high unemployment rates. More than 80% of the country is unpopulated due to desert conditions, where annual precipitation falls under 50 millimeters. Aridity and water scarcity render Jordan environmentally sensitive to climate change.

The National Climate Change Policy of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (2013-2020) was issued by the Ministry of Environment in November 2013. The National Policy sets out long term and short term goals related to mitigation, vulnerability and adaptation actions. The Ministry of Environment is also responsible for coordinating efforts, preparing action plans and regulations as well as securing funds in the area of climate change. National policy provides climate change scenarios and sets out priorities and instruments in several sectors to include, water, agriculture, land use, coastal areas management, health and tourism. Jordan ratified the Paris Agreement on November 4, 2016 and the associated Intended Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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