Country

Lesotho

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Lesotho.

Country Context

Lesotho is a landlocked country in Southern Africa situated at latitudes 28-31° S and longitudes 27-30° E, and spanning 30,255 km2. It is wholly surrounded by the Republic of South Africa. The population of Lesotho is estimated at 2 million with an annual population growth rate of 0.08%. The country is ranked 160/187 on the Human Development index, and 57.1% of its population live below poverty line. Economic growth for the last three years averaged approximately 1.3%. A contraction was experienced in 2017/18 fiscal year on the back of a contraction in agriculture output and fiscal challenges. Growth is projected to recover modestly in the next three years boosted by an increase in construction associated with the second phase of the Lesotho Highland Water Project and diamond mining. Unemployment remains high at 24 to 28%, coupled with high inequality and poverty. 

Lesotho’s geographical characteristics and prevailing socioeconomic conditions among the majority of its rural population make it one of the most vulnerable countries to the impacts of climate change. Current trends in the energy demand coupled with over-reliance on imported fossil fuels by majority of Basotho are patently unsustainable in many fronts – environmentally, socially and economically. Lesotho has ratified the Paris Agreement and submitted its first Nationally Determined Contribution on June 22, 2018. 

 

 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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