Country

Namibia

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Namibia.

Country Context

Namibia is situated in the southwestern region of the African continent and lies between latitude 17° and 29°S and longitude 11° and 26°E. The country covers a land area of 825,418 km2 and has a 1500 km long coastline on the South Atlantic Ocean. It shares borders with Angola to the North, South Africa to the South, Zambia to the far North, and Botswana to the East. Namibia is one of the biggest and driest countries in sub-Saharan Africa. It is characterized by high climatic variability in the form of persistent droughts, unpredictable and variable rainfall patterns, variability in temperatures and scarcity of water. The mining and quarrying industry is the highest contributor to GDP accounting for 12.4% in 2007. Agriculture and forestry is presently the second highest with 5.9%, surpassing fishing and fish processing on board (3.6%). Despite its modest contribution to GDP, agriculture impacts directly on the livelihood of 70% of the population including 48% of Namibia’s rural households that depend on subsistence agriculture (NDP4). Namibia is a net sink of GHGs but this is expected to change by the mid 2020s when Namibia will potentially be a net emitter on the BAU scenario (Namibia’s Third National Communication to the UNFCC).

Namibia stands a high risks to suffer from the impacts of climate change. This has prompted government to take necessary actions to mitigate and adapt to climate change. Hence, the National Policy on Climate Change for Namibia was produced in 2011 to better translate government’s will and commitment to tackle climate change. Furthermore, a National Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan for the period 2013-2020 has also been developed and paves the way to the strategic options to be adopted for coping with climate change challenges while contributing to the international agenda to meet decisions of the Conference of the Parties (COP). Namibia ratified the Paris Agreement on September 21, 2016 and its Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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