Country

Cape Verde

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Cape Verde.

Country Context

Located 500 kilometers off the west coast of Africa, Cape Verde is an archipelago of ten islands of which nine are inhabited. The country has an estimated population of 520,500. Only 10% of its territory is classified as arable land and the country possesses limited mineral resources. Despite the arid climate and mountainous terrain, Cape Verde has been developing rapidly, in a large part thanks to its flourishing tourism industry. In addition to boosting tourism, the government is making efforts to turn the islands into a trade, business, and transport hub. The new Government inherited a challenging macroeconomic situation with public debt at 130% of GDP at the end of 2016. Growth is estimated at over 4% in 2016, a recovery from 1.5% in 2015, but not enough to bring down debt levels. For 2017 and beyond, debt is likely to continue increasing from government liabilities for largely insolvent state-owned enterprises (SOEs).

As a small island development state (SIDS), Cape Verde has one of the lowest GHG emissions per capita and yet is among the countries most vulnerable to climate change. It faces severe adaptation challenges associated with water resources availability, food and energy security, and desertification processes. The first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) of Cape Verde is submitted jointly by the Ministry of Environmental, Housing and Land Planning and by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in September 21, 2017.

 

 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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