Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Cyprus.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Cyprus's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Cyprus's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

Cyprus is an island country, located in the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. It lies between latitudes 34° and 36° N, and longitudes 32° and 35° E and it has a total area of 9,251 km2. Cyprus’ economy has undergone significant structural transformation since its accession to the EU in 2004 and its membership to the Euro Area in 2008. In 2016, real GDP grew by 3%. The tertiary sector (services) is the biggest contributor to GDP, accounting for about for about 86.5% in 2016. The population of Cyprus is estimated at 947.000 (2016), reflecting an increase of 0.7% compared to the previous year. Cyprus has an intense Mediterranean climate with the typical seasonal rhythm strongly marked in respect of temperature, rainfall and weather generally. Hot and dry summers from mid-May to mid October and mild, rainy, rather changeable, winters from November to mid-March. Over the last decade the greatest part of Cyprus has suffered from high temperatures and the largest part of the population residing in the three major cities, suffered high discomfort and serious socioeconomic problems such as increase in energy for cooling, water consumption and forest fire risk.According to the WHO (2010), the 98.8% of Cyprus population is exposed to moderate heatwave hazard (Seventh National Communication, 2018). Cyprus submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to UNFCCC as an EU Member State in 2015.