Country

Poland

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Poland.

Country Context

The Republic of Poland is a country located in Central Europe that links the forested lands of northwestern Europe to the sea lanes of the Atlantic Ocean and the fertile plains of the Eurasian frontier. The country covers an area of 312,696 km2 and has a population of approximately 38.5 million people. Poland has the sixth-highest GDP (PPP) in the European Union (EU) and fifth-highest greenhouse gas emissions in the EU. Particulate pollution from fossil fuel combustion is estimated to cause 45,000 deaths each year in Poland (European Environment Agency).

Poland’s climate is mostly temperate throughout the country. The climate is oceanic in the north and west and becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east. Summers are generally warm, with average temperatures between 18°C and 30°C depending on the region. Winters are rather cold, with average temperatures around 3°C in the northwest and −6°C in the northeast. Precipitation falls throughout the year, although, especially in the east, winter is drier than summer. In its National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change (SPA 2020), Poland identifies the improvement of its water management system, coastal zone management, health, urban areas and spatial development, energy, transport, forests, biodiversity and agriculture as priority areas.

 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

Explore further

Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

Explore further

Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

Explore further

Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

Explore further