Country

Madagascar

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Madagascar.

Country Context

Madagascar is a large island nation located in the southwestern part of the Indian Ocean, just off the southeastern edge of the African continent. The country encompasses a diversity of ecosystems, with a highland plateau extending throughout the center, fringed by low-lying coastal areas on all sides and a number of rivers. Development challenges loom large for Madagascar, where poverty rates hover at 71%, illiteracy is at 70%, the political situation is uncertain, and food security remains a significant issue. The key sectors of the country’s national economy include agriculture, fishery, and livestock production. Madagascar faces significant risks imposed by an increasingly variable and changing climate. Cyclones, droughts, and floods are all common occurrences in the country. These events are becoming increasingly frequent and intense, affecting food security, drinking water supply and irrigation, public health systems, environmental management, and lifestyle.

Madagascar’s National Policy to Combat Climate Change, developed in 2010, has as its primary goal to “strengthen adaptation to climate change.” The Ministry of the Environment, of Ecology, the Sea, and Forests (MEEMF) is responsible for coordinating, implementing, and mainstreaming climate change actions in social and economic sectors. The National Bureau of Climate Change Coordination (BNCCC), within MEEMF, oversees implementation of all measures in the country’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution, which can be found here. The BNCCC works closely with ministries, the National Climate Change Committee, regional environmental offices, and non-governmental actors. Madagascar ratified the Paris Agreement on September 21, 2016. 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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