Mozambique faces an array of natural hazards, the most prominent being flooding, droughts, and cyclones. With more than 2,700 km of coastline, nine international river basins, a high dependence on agricultural yields, a high level of poverty, and an inadequate infrastructure, Mozambique is extremely sensitive to such exogenous shocks. With most Mozambicans living along the low-lying coast, facing chronic poverty, inadequate health services, and heavy reliance on subsistence agriculture (80%), any changes to the nation’s ecosystems have an immediate impact on its population.
This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.