Historical Hazards

Mozambique faces an array of natural hazards, the most prominent being flooding, droughts, and cyclones. With more than 2,700 km of coastline, nine international river basins, a high dependence on agricultural yields, a high level of poverty, and an inadequate infrastructure, Mozambique is extremely sensitive to such exogenous shocks. With most Mozambicans living along the low-lying coast, facing chronic poverty, inadequate health services, and heavy reliance on subsistence agriculture (80%), any changes to the nation’s ecosystems have an immediate impact on its population.

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.


Climate change is now recognized to have a significant impact on disaster management efforts and pose a significant threat to the efforts to meet the growing needs of the most vulnerable populations. The demands of disaster risk management are such that concise, clear, and reliable information is crucial. The information presented here offers insight into the frequency, impact and occurrence of natural hazards.