Country

Sudan

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Sudan.

Country Context

Sudan sits at the crossroads of Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East, its powerful neighbor, Egypt, bordering it to the north, Libya and Chad to the west, and Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east. Its capital, Khartoum, lies at the confluence of the White and Blue Niles, and its main port on the Red Sea. Although mostly desert, it has fertile land, mountains, and livestock. Away from oil, agriculture and livestock are essential to Sudans economic diversification and could contribute to medium-term macroeconomic stability. These sectors presently contribute approximately 35%–40% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), but could contribute significantly more with greater investment and better governance. Sudan now recognizes the need for greater attention to agriculture and livestock, as reflected in its Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (I-PRSP) and the Five-year Program for Economic Reforms approved by its parliament in December 2014.

The Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Physical Development is the main government body responsible for developing and implementing climate change policies. The first National Adaptation Plan was developed in 2014 with international support. Sudan also carried out significant climate related research for its Second National Communication to UNFCCC in 2013 and identified climate vulnerabilities and priorities for adaptation in its National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) in 2007. Sudan ratified Paris Agreement in September 2017 and submitted its first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC). The NDC has placed significant emphasis on adaptation and lists Sudan’s intended policies and actions to help communities adapt to climate change. The major priority areas for adaptation efforts include agriculture, water, coastal zones and health sectors.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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