Country

Zimbabwe

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Zimbabwe.

Country Context

Located between latitudes 15°-23°S and longitudes 25°-34°E, Zimbabwe is a landlocked country neighboring Botswana, Zambia, Mozambique, and South Africa. It is equipped with abundant natural resources with total land area of 390,757 km2 and a population of above 16 million (2016). In 2016, Zimbabwe's GDP reached $16.3 billion. Annual GDP growth peaked at 11.9% in 2011 and have been decreasing since then. In 2016 the annual GDP growth rate was at 0.7%, well below the average annual GDP growth of low-income countries (4.4%). Zimbabwe's economy is largely dependent on services (64% of GDP), followed by industry (24% of GDP), agriculture (11% GDP), and manufacturing (10% of GDP). As indicated in its first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC, 2015), key sectors to boosting economy yet susceptible to abrupt climate variability include agriculture, water, energy, forestry, tourism, and industry, among others.

The adaptation priorities identified in the first NDC consist of promoting adapted crop and livestock development and climate smart agricultural practices; building resilience in managing climate related disaster risks such as droughts and floods; strengthening management of water resources and irrigation in the face of climate change; promoting practices that reduce risk of losses in crops, livestock and agricultural incomes; and cross-sectoral adaptation efforts such as capacity building through research and development, education and awareness, and training in climate change related issues and mainstreaming gender responsive climate policies.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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