Country

Malaysia

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Malaysia.

Country Context

Malaysia is a tropical nation of the Southeast Asian region, comprised of the Malaysian Peninsula, and Malaysian Borneo. Malaysia features diverse land cover and topography, with an extensive coastline of over 4,800km, mountain ranges, and more than 50% forest cover. As of 2018 Malaysia had a population of around 32 million, and remains one of the most developed economies in Southeast Asia. Around 22% of the population live in the greater area of its capital city, Kuala Lumpur. While poverty levels are comparatively low for the region, Malaysia has historically been characterized by high levels of income inequality, particularly evident in urban areas (Achieving a System of Competitive Cities in Malaysia, 2015). The Malaysian government (2016) have measured falls in GINI since the World Bank made its 2009 estimate (46.30). As of 2018 Malaysia’s economy was service sector dominated (54.5% of national GDP), followed by manufacturing (23% of GDP). These sectors also dominate national employment, and in contrast to other Southeast Asian nations, agriculture employs only around 11% of the labor force.

While Malaysia remains one of the most biodiverse countries on earth, the country battles with degradation of ecosystems, both in its wetland and forest habitats. Concerns have been raised that increasing climate changes could accelerate these processes threatening Malaysia’s natural resources. Malaysia’s 10th (2011-2015) and 11th (2016-2020) national plans have targeted significant investment into climate resilience enhancements. In 2015 the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment submitted Malaysia’s Second National Communication to the UNFCCC. Malaysia ratified the Paris Climate Agreement and submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in November 2016.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

Explore further

Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

Explore further

Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

Explore further

Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

Explore further