Country

Marshall Islands

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Marshall Islands.

Country Context

The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) is a raised atoll island nation located in the North Pacific Ocean at equal distance between Hawaii and Australia. The country comprises 34 major islands and atolls and the average elevation of most islands is approximately 2 meters above sea level. Its relative isolation and limited resources make the Republic of the Marshall Islands – like all Small Island Developing States (SIDS) – extremely vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change. The country’s small land area means that over 99% of the population lives along the coastline, rendering a considerable portion of the country’s economy, infrastructure, and livelihoods highly vulnerable to natural hazards such as cyclones and climatic hazards such as sea level rise. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) 4th Assessment Report, the effects of rising sea level are “likely to be of a magnitude that will disrupt virtually all economic and social sectors in small island nations”. 

The RMI adopted the National Climate Change Policy Framework (NCCPF), which sets out its commitments and responsibilities to address climate change. The NCCPF is intended to guide the development of adaptation and energy security measures that respond to RMI’s needs with an “All Islands Approach”. Most of the primary energy supply (90%) is from petroleum, and is heavily reliant on external assistance. Emissions peaked around 2009 and have been trending downwards since, in line with the goals in the National Energy Plan and National Climate Change Policy, based on the ‘National Climate Change Roadmap’.Marshall Islands ratified the Paris Agreement on April 22, 2016 and the second Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here

 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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