Country

Luxembourg

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Luxembourg.

Country Context

Luxembourg is a landlocked country with a territory of 2,586 km2 located in Western Europe, between France and Germany. Of the total area of Luxembourg, 85.5% was agricultural land (51%) and land under forest (35%). The built-up areas occupied 9.5% of the total surface and land covered by water and transport infrastructure about 5%. Between 2990 and 2016, Luxembourg’s population grew at an average annual rate of 1.7%, reaching 590,700 inhabitants in 2016. This increase was mainly due to immigration. Luxembourg’s GDP reached over $62 billion in 2017 and has a GDP per capita (PPP) of about $105,000. The climate in Luxembourg can be characterized as a moderate oceanic Western European climate with mild winters and comfortable summers. Effects of climate change have already been observed. Annual mean temperatures for Luxembourg-City are now usually above the 30 years averages of the last century. Yearly averages increase is mainly driven by higher air temperatures during winter seasons. Luxembourg submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as an EU Member State in 2015 and its Seventh National Communication in 2018.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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