Country

South Africa

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting South Africa.

Country Context

South Africa is Africa’s second largest economy with a population of 53 million, an abundant supply of natural resources, but also possesses one of the highest levels of social-economic inequality in the world. Real GDP growth has been revised downward significantly and is now only expected to reach 0.4% in 2016, with risks to the downside. 2017 is expected to see a moderate uptick to 1.1%. South Africa remains a dual economy with one of the highest inequality rates in the world, perpetuating both inequality and exclusion. The current administration is acutely aware of the immense challenges it needs to overcome them to accelerate progress and build a more inclusive society. Its vision and the priorities it is making to address them are outlined in the 2030 National Development Plan (NDP), which comprises the two main strategic goals of eliminating poverty and reducing inequality from 0.70 to 0.60 by 2030.

Department of Environment is the designated body to develop and implement policies related to climate change. Recognizing climate change is already a measurable reality, South Africa released the National Climate Change Response Policy in 2011 (NCCRP) which highlights the country’s planned approach to mitigation and adaptation. In 2015, the country submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) on adaptation, mitigation as well as finance and investment requirements for both. In addition, it ratified the Paris Agreement in December 2016.  South Africa’s NDC was formulated in the context of the environmental right set out in section 24 of the Constitution, and its 2030 NDP.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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