Country

Uzbekistan

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Uzbekistan.

Country Context

Uzbekistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia with a total land area of 447,400 km2. It shares borders with Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Uzbekistan's terrain is mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert, with desert forests accounting for approximately 78% of the country's land area. The remaining 20% is covered with mountains and foothills (the eastern and northeastern areas). Uzbekistan is expected to experience a range of changes and risks associated to climate change across the country. Uzbekistan has a population of 31.8 million (2016) growing at an annual rate of 1.7%. The country has a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of $67.2 billion growing at a rate of 7.8% in 2016. GDP growth peaked at 9.0% in 2008. According to 2016 data, the country’s GDP is dominated by the service sector contributing 49.5%, industry (including mining, construction, electricity, water and gas) contributing 32.9%, and the agricultural sector contributing 17.6% of GDP.

Uzbekistan is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and has identified agriculture, the economy, water resource management, population health, disaster risk reduction and energy as its most vulnerable sectors. Uzbekistan’s Third National Communication (2016) has identified the development of green industries, improved capacity to monitor greenhouse gas emissions and the continued reduction of emissions as key foundations for building a more resilient population and economy to the anticipated impacts of climate change. Uzbekistan ratified the Paris Agreement in November 2018 and its associated Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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