Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Uzbekistan.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Uzbekistan's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Uzbekistan's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

Uzbekistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia with a total land area of 447,400 km2. It shares borders with Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyz Republic. Uzbekistan's terrain is mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert, with desert forests accounting for approximately 78% of the country's land area. The remaining 20% is covered with mountains and foothills (the eastern and northeastern areas). Uzbekistan is expected to experience a range of changes and risks associated to climate change across the country. Uzbekistan has a population of 31.8 million (2016) growing at an annual rate of 1.7%. The country has a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of $67.2 billion growing at a rate of 7.8% in 2016. GDP growth peaked at 9.0% in 2008. According to 2016 data, the country’s GDP is dominated by the service sector contributing 49.5%, industry (including mining, construction, electricity, water and gas) contributing 32.9%, and the agricultural sector contributing 17.6% of GDP.

Uzbekistan is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and has identified agriculture, the economy, water resource management, population health, disaster risk reduction and energy as its most vulnerable sectors. Uzbekistan’s Third National Communication (2016) has identified the development of green industries, improved capacity to monitor greenhouse gas emissions and the continued reduction of emissions as key foundations for building a more resilient population and economy to the anticipated impacts of climate change. Uzbekistan ratified the Paris Agreement in November 2018 and its associated Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here