Country

Belgium

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Belgium.

Country Context

Belgium is a small country with a surface area of 30,528 km2 in north-western Europe and 3 454 km² of the North Sea. It shares borders with the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, France and has a coastline of 73.1 km along the North Sea. The Belgian GDP amounted to 421.611 billion euros in 2016. Although the population of Belgium (11.3 million in 2016) only represents about 2.2% of the total European population, its GDP at market prices represents 2.8% of the GDP of the European Union. Although Belgium is highly urbanized and is the third most densely populated country in Europe, forests and other natural areas have remained relatively stable (23% of the territory). Its latitude and the proximity of the sea warmed by the Gulf Stream give Belgium a temperate maritime climate characterized by moderate temperatures, prevailing southerly to westerly winds, abundant cloud cover and frequent precipitation. Summers are relatively cool and humid and winters relatively mild and rainy. Impact, vulnerability and adaptation assessments have been funded and piloted at the regional and federal level. Belgium also submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as an EU Member State in 2015 and the Seventh National Communication in 2017.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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