Country

Vanuatu

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Vanuatu.

Country Context

The archipelago nation of Vanuatu is located in the Melanesian region of the South Pacific Ocean. Eighty islands and an exclusive economic zone comprise the country. The largest of the islands, Espiritu Santo and Malekula, cover 50% of the country’s land mass and harbor the majority of Vanuatu’s population. The country’s economy is primarily based on small-scale agriculture, which provides a livelihood for two thirds of the population, while fishing, offshore financial services and tourism encompass the rest of the economic base. Vanuatu is considered one of the poorest of the Pacific and has been classified a Least Developed Country. The isolated location, small land area separated by vast oceans, and the attendant challenges and costs of providing basic services make Vanuatu, like all Small Island Developing States (SIDS), extremely vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change. The country’s ability to respond to these changes is hampered by its highly vulnerable socio-economic and ecological situation. 

The National Advisory Committee on climate change is the central point of all domestic and international climate policy in Vanuatu. The country has developed mitigation targets via the National Energy Road Map, and the Second National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Vanuatu has also participated in the Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries report, and the Vanuatu Renewables Readiness Assessment, prepared by the International Renewable Energy Agency. Vanuatu ratified the Paris Agreement on September 21, 2016 and their associated Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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