Country

Papua New Guinea

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Papua New Guinea.

Country Context

Located in the South West Pacific, Papua New Guinea (PNG) comprises the eastern half of New Guinea island, four additional islands (Manus, New Ireland, New Britain, and Bougainville), and 600 smaller islets and atolls. PNG is home to a diverse range of ecosystems, including mountain glaciers, humid tropical rainforests, swampy wetlands, and immaculate coral reefs. In addition to harboring abundant natural resources such as gold, copper, oil and natural gas, PNG boasts 7% of the world’s biodiversity. Agriculture, fishing, community forestry, and artisanal and small-scale mining are primary livelihood activities in rural areas. Widespread poverty, poor infrastructure, corruption, safety and security concerns, among other factors, all heighten the vulnerability of the local population across PNG. PNG is already prone to numerous natural disasters and climate variability and change are set to accelerate the occurrence of landslides, soil erosion, deforestation, and loss of biodiversity, as well as increase occurrence of recurrent floods and droughts. 

The Office of Climate Change and Development (OCCD) is the coordinating body for all climate change related policies and tasked with ensuring a path of climate-compatible growth. Towards this goal, the government launched a 40-year development strategy in October 2009 called “PNG Vision 2050” to develop sustainable development measures in all sectors to increase resilience to the impacts of climate and environmental changes. In May 2015, the PNG Government passed the Climate Change Bill to become the first nation in the Pacific region to implement a law that will, among other things, minimize the effects of climate change as a result of infrastructural development. PNG ratified the Paris Agreement on September 21, 2016 and its Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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