Country

Tuvalu

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Tuvalu.

Country Context

Tuvalu is a microstate of the Polynesian sub-region of the southern Pacific Ocean which consists of nine atolls. Tuvalu is recognized internationally as one of the most climate-vulnerable states on earth. Its islands, which have a surface area of only 26 km2 and a population of less than 11,000, have an average height above sea-level of less than 3m. Besides being threatened by sea-level rise, Tuvalu must contend with extreme exposure to tropical cyclones. Tuvalu’s economy has become highly dependent on external aid and employment opportunities are limited. Fishing and fishing licenses provide 42% of national revenue, with other income sources including its internet domain, the national trust fund, and remittances from family members abroad. In recent years, Tuvalu has seen migration from the outer islands to its capital, Funafuti. Additionally, United Nations research (2015) estimates that around 15% of the population of Tuvalu left the country between 2005-2015. A majority of the population are considering emigration but many do not have the financial resources to do so. Tuvalu is characterized by high levels of inequality as measured by consumption levels in Hardship and Vulnerability in the Pacific Island Counties (2015).

The prosperity of Tuvalu’s population depends upon effective management of climate change, variability, and disaster risk. The Tuvalu Climate Change Policy (2012) sets the country’s direction over the period 2012-2021. Reflecting the country’s precarious position, consideration is given to issues of vulnerability, disaster preparedness, planning and impact assessment, as well as migration and relocation needs. As documented in Tuvalu’s Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (2015), since the 1980s, the country has made repeated attempts to construct disaster protection infrastructure. However, these have failed to provide sustained protection. Tuvalu has signed and ratified the Paris Agreement and submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (2015).  

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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