Country

Ukraine

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Ukraine.

Country Context

Ukraine is a lower middle incomed country in Eastern Europe, sharing boarders with Russia, Belarus, Poland, Slovakia, Hungry, Romania and Moldova. The country also has a coastline along the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea. Ukraine has a total land area of more than 600,000 km2, with a largely flat topography except for the Crimean Mountains in the south and Carpathian Mountains in the West. The country is dominated by the Dnieper River which stretches north to south through the center of the country for over 2,200 km. Ukraine has an extensive network of rivers, more than 73 thousand, most of which are transboundary. Ukraine has a population of 44.8 million people (2017), but has experienced negative population growth since 2000Its GDP was $112.1 billion (2017), growing at a rate of 2.5% in 2017. The country’s growth rate dropped sharply in 2014 (-6.6%) and 2015 (-9.8%) during the invasion and temporary annexation of Crimea in 2014-2015. The economy is dominated by industry (including mining, construction, electricity, water and gas) and agriculture.

The western and north-western parts of Ukraine experience a mild climate with excessive moisture and moderate temperature conditions, while eastern and south-eastern areas experience a relative shortage of rainfall and increased temperatures. Ukraine is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and has identified agriculture, water resources, energy, transportation, health, the urban environment and forests, and coastal zone management as key adaptation priorities. Ukraine submitted its Sixth National Communication to the UNFCCC in 2012 and focus remains on the country’s capacity to monitor its GHG emissions, continue the implementation of key efficiency gains in reducing emissions and develop a more resilient population and economy.

 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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