Country

Turkmenistan

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Turkmenistan.

Country Context

Turkmenistan is a predominantly arid country located in Central Asia. Over 80% of its territory is characterized by desert and oases, with mountainous zones primarily along its southern borders. The Kara Kum, or Black Sand Desert, occupies almost 75 percent of Turkmenistan's territory. Turkmenistan is among those countries which are more vulnerable to climate change impacts, experiencing difficulties mainly in the fields of agriculture, water resources, public health and natural ecosystems. Turkmenistan ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on July 5,1995 and the Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC in December 1998. In parallel, a State Commission has been created to ensure implementation of obligations of Turkmenistan arising from the international environmental conventions and programs.

The Ministry of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan is responsible for implementation of all decisions made by the President and the Cabinet of Ministers on environmental protection. In terms of climate change, significant measures are being undertaken through implementation of the National Strategy for socio-economic development up to 2030 in conjunction with the accelerated formation of a resource-saving and environmentally friendly society and innovation-oriented economy. The National Strategy of Turkmenistan on Climate Change represents the national doctrine of transition to low-carbon development. Turkmenistan ratified the Paris Agreement on October 20, 2016 and the associated Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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