Climate Change Overview

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Cuba's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Cuba's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Cuban archipelago consists of the island of Cuba, the Isle of Youth and more than 1,600 islands, islets and cays, which together represent a surface area of 110,922 km2. Cuba has a population of over 11 million (2020) inhabitants. Cuba’s water sector is very vulnerable to climate variability, with rainwater its only water resource. Warmer temperatures associated with climate change may also affect the health of Cuba’s population, including a possible increase in cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, and a rise in dengue fever, diarrhea, chicken pox and other viral illnesses. The country is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change from rising sea level, increase in temperature and decrease in precipitation. These changes in climate will severely impact its agriculture, forestry, and tourism sectors which are key to the country's economy.