Country

Malawi

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Malawi.

Country Context

Located in southern Africa, Malawi is a small, densely populated, landlocked country with one of the lowest levels of per capita income in the world. Malawi’s poverty levels have remained largely unchanged over the past 10 or more years, as economic growth and development have stagnated due to widespread emigration, HIV/AIDS, a deteriorating infrastructure, macroeconomic instability, limited competitiveness of Malawian products in international markets, and a rapid population growth rate. Malawi’s topography is varied, with the Great Rift Valley that contains Lake Malawi (one of Africa’s largest, longest lakes) stretching from north to south and highland peaks surrounding. While the country’s climate is tropical overall, temperatures in higher elevations can be relatively cool. The flood plains, wetlands, and forests of the Lower Shire Valley are particularly vulnerable to climate change, with drought and flood disasters currently directly affecting over half a million people. 

The Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Mining released the first national climate change policy in 2013 with the goal to promote adaptation and mitigation for sustainable livelihoods. The framework addresses adaptation, mitigation, capacity building, research and technology transfer and financing. The priority for Malawi is adaptation and it is reflected in the policy framework which lists a number of initiatives. The country’s Nationally Determined Contribution states that a new policy is undergoing approval process by cabinet. Malawi ratified the Paris Agreement on June 29, 2017. 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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