Country

Hungary

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Hungary.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Hungary's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Hungary's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.


Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

Hungary is located in Central Europe and shares boarders with Austria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine. Geographically Hungary is mostly flat terrain, with some hills and low mountains. The Danube and the Tisza are the two main rivers. The area of the country is 93,033 km2, of which 58% is agricultural area, 21% forest, 1% reed and fish-pond, 20% uncultivated land area. Hungary joined the EU as a member in 2004. Although the financial crisis of 2008 hit hard the Hungarian economy, the recovery started soon and today, Hungary in on a path of sustainable growth. Hungary’s GDP per capita in Purchasing Power Standards (PPS) was more than 68.3% of the EU-28 average in 2016. Hungary’s population is estimated at 10 million, of which 68% live in urban areas (2016). Hungary’s climate is characterized as temperate, with cold, humid winters and warm summers. Hungary submitted its Seventh National Communication in 2018 and its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as an EU Member State in 2015. Beyond the EU legislation, Hungary updated its National Climate Change Strategy (NCCS II) that gives a framework to the country’s climate policy. The updated NCCS II for 2017- 2030 was adopted by the Government of Hungary in May 2017 and submitted to the Parliament.