Country

Hungary

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Hungary.

Country Context

Hungary is located in Central Europe and shares boarders with Austria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine. Geographically Hungary is mostly flat terrain, with some hills and low mountains. The Danube and the Tisza are the two main rivers. The area of the country is 93,033 km2, of which 58% is agricultural area, 21% forest, 1% reed and fish-pond, 20% uncultivated land area. Hungary joined the EU as a member in 2004. Although the financial crisis of 2008 hit hard the Hungarian economy, the recovery started soon and today, Hungary in on a path of sustainable growth. Hungary’s GDP per capita in Purchasing Power Standards (PPS) was more than 68.3% of the EU-28 average in 2016. Hungary’s population is estimated at 10 million, of which 68% live in urban areas (2016). Hungary’s climate is characterized as temperate, with cold, humid winters and warm summers. Hungary submitted its Seventh National Communication in 2018 and its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as an EU Member State in 2015. Beyond the EU legislation, Hungary updated its National Climate Change Strategy (NCCS II) that gives a framework to the country’s climate policy. The updated NCCS II for 2017- 2030 was adopted by the Government of Hungary in May 2017 and submitted to the Parliament. 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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