Country

Belize

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Belize.

Country Context

Belize sits on the Yucatan Peninsula in Central America, bordered by Guatemala, Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea, and is considered a Small Island Developing State. Belize has 1,060 islands located in its jurisdiction, with some inhabited. The country is fortunate enough to hold one of the largest barrier reefs in the western hemisphere which extends almost the entire coastline of the country and acts as a natural defense against storm surges and hurricanes. The country is relatively mountainous to the south and has undulating hills to the north. Composed of hard dense limestone from the Yucatan platform, Belize rises gently from the coastline to steep elevations of the Mayan mountains of eastern Guatemala. The country’s main foreign exchange earner is the agricultural sector, which contributes 35% of the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) with 41% of employment provided through fisheries and forestry.

Belize has developed several important climate policy frameworks over the last decade, including: National Climate Resilience Investment Plan, Growth and Sustainable Development Strategy 2014-2017 and a National Climate Change Policy, Strategy and Action Plan (2015-2020). The Ministry of Forestry, Fisheries & Sustainable Development is responsible for natural resources preservation, protection and improvement of the environment and is the focal point for domestic and global climate action in Belize. Belize ratified the Paris Agreement on April 22, 2016, and the associated Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) can be found here

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas. 

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.  

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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