Country

Colombia

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Colombia.

Country Context

Colombia is a South American country rich in natural resources and biodiversity and is the third most populous country in Latin America. Though Colombia holds an upper middle-income country status, it is one of the most unequal countries in the world – 52.6 percent of the total population lives below the poverty line and this figure reaches 69 percent in rural areas. Colombia has one of the highest rates of internally displaced people in the world due to civil conflicts, leaving as many as 3.7 million especially vulnerable to climate change. The country presents a high incidence of extreme weather and disasters associated with climate conditions and vulnerability. Climate change impacts are expected to pose significant and long-term effects on fragile and unique ecosystems and accelerate the pace of land degradation, impact water quality and agricultural production, contribute to the decline of biodiversity and increase the exposure of its citizens to tropical vector diseases, such as malaria and dengue.

Recent climate change policy in Colombia has been developed by the National Economic and Social Policy Council (CONPES). CONPES is responsible for developing climate change components of each National Development Plan. In 2011, CONPES (3700) defined the need for an institutional framework for climate change, establishing the National System of Climate Change (SISCLIMA) as the institution responsible for coordinating and promoting climate change policy and action. In force through Presidential Decree, SISCLIMA will coordinate implementation of four priority climate change strategies: the Climate Change National Adaptation Plan (CCNAP); the Colombian Low-Carbon Development Strategy (CLCDS); the National REDD+ Strategy (ENREDD+); and the Strategy for Fiscal Protection Against Natural Disasters. Colombia ratified the Paris Agreement on June 16, 2017 and the country's Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) can be found here

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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