Country

Honduras

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Honduras.

Country Context

Honduras lies between latitudes 12°58’ and 16°02’ south and longitude 83° 10’ and 89°22’ east. It is bordered to the North by the Caribbean Sea (the Antilles), to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, and to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca. Honduras has a total a land area of 112,492 km2 , of which forests take up over 41% and 27% is agricultural land. With a GDP (PPP) of $ 41.2 Billion, Honduras is the second poorest countries in Central America with GDP. The Honduran economy is highly dependent on agriculture. Over 39.2% of the population is employed in agriculture. In 2015, Honduras had a population of 8.9 million of which 29.6% live below the poverty line. 

Honduras has three major geomorphological regions largely composed of mountains that cover over 82% of the country with dense forest. The rest of the country is composed of the Northern Coastal Plain or the Caribbean Lowlands and the Coastal Plain region of the Pacific or the Pacific lowlands. Due to its geographic location, Honduras is highly exposed to hydrometeorological hazard. Adaptation to climate change is a priority to reduce the country's vulnerability. Identified adaptation priorities in Hondura's Nationally Determined Contribution (2015) include: water resources, disaster risk management, agriculture and food security, forests, coastal zones, health and infrastructure. 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

The rate of increase is most rapid in the dry seasons (MAM and DJF) at a rate of 0.18-0.2°C per decade and slower in the wet seasons (JJA and SON) at a rate 0.12°C per decade. The proportion of rainfall that occurs in heavy events has increased slightly by 1.2% per decade, on average, since 1960the largest annual peak flows are usually associated with tropical cyclones. The highest anomaly was recorded in 1984 with amounts 40mm higher than normal and the lowest in 1986 at -40mm.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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