Climate Change Overview

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Tunisia's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Tunisia's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Tunisia is located within northern Africa along the southern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, between the eastern and western Mediterranean basins. It shares land borders with Algeria to the west and Libya to the southeast. The country has a total area of 164,000 square kilometers (km2) and over 1,300 km of coastline along its eastern and northern borders. The country is divided in two large geographical areas, separated by successive low points occupied by the Chotts El Gharsa, Djerid and Fedjej, aligned from west to east. The northern area is diagonally crossed by the Tunisian Ridge, a mountain chain comprising the Tell Atlas and the Saharan Atlas Mountains. Northwest regions in the country are marked by high plains and a rugged landscape. The southeastern regions are dominated by a low and hilly landscape, which extends to the coast. The center-west regions, which extend south of the Tunisian Ridge are dominated by highlands bordering low and scattered mountain peaks and are occupied by steppes. Southern areas consist of the Saharan desert whose eastern border is represented by the Matmata and Dahar chains.

Tunisia is a lower-middle income country and while the country has achieved important progress on its political transition towards democratic systems and more open governance structures, economic progress has not kept pace. The country remains constrained by political fragmentation and the lack of consensus on key economic reforms. Additionally, recent ongoing conflict in neighboring Libya has further hindered economic recovery and added to social disaffection and unemployment, especially among youth. Tunisia is one of the few countries in the world where a higher level of education decreases employability, in particular for women. Tunisia has a population of 11.7 million people (2019) with an annual population growth rate of 1.1% (2018), and is projected to reach 12.7 million people by 2030 and 13.8 million people by 2050. Tunisia is considered highly vulnerable to climate change and is expected to experience adverse impacts from increased temperatures, increased aridity, reduced precipitation, and rising sea levels. Socio-economic and environmental implications will particularly affect water resources, the agricultural and livestock, ecosystems, coastal zones, health, and tourism sectors.