United Arab Emirates

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting United Arab Emirates.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for United Arab Emirates's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications in the map below use observed, historical data (sourced from the Climate Research Unit [CRU]) and are derived by applying the Köppen-Geiger climate classification methodology. This classification divides climate into five primary climate groups, which are divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five primary groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates, except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter). It is important to understand the different climate contexts that exist within a country as well as the surrounding region when analyzing current climates and projected change. Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of United Arab Emirates's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is located on the Arabian Peninsula between latitudes 22.0° and 26.5° N and longitudes between 51.0° and 56.5° E. The UAE has a total land area of 83,600 km2 and 1,318 km of coastline that extends along the southeastern part of the Arabian Gulf to the western shores of Gulf of Oman. The UAE’s population is approximately 9.9 million (2020) people, of which over 85% are immigrants. The country’s economy is supported by its crude oil production and construction sectors, in addition to trade and real estate services. 

The UAE is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change from rising sea levels, which could affect the UAE’s critical infrastructures, such as desalination and power stations, as well as habitats located on coastal zones facing the Arabian Gulf or the Gulf of Oman. Climate change is also expected to affect various aspects of the agriculture sector in the UAE, such as impacts from changes in climatic conditions, such as temperature and precipitation.