Country

United Arab Emirates

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting United Arab Emirates.

Country Context

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is located on the Arabian Peninsula between latitudes 22.0° and 26.5° N and longitudes between 51.0° and 56.5° E. The UAE has a total land area of 83,600 km2 and 1,318 km of coastline that extends along the southeastern part of the Arabian Gulf to the western shores of Gulf of Oman. The UAE’s population has more than tripled since 1995, reaching 9,400,145 in 2017, of which over 85% are immigrants. In 2016, the UAE reached a GDP (PPP) of $690.5 billion. Hydrocarbon production has made a significant contribution to the country’s social and economic prosperity. However, the UAE’s government strategy has focused on the diversification of the national economy and increased investment in other sectors. As a result, the oil and gas sector contribution to UAE’s GDP has reduced to 30%. Abu Dhabi’s Economic Vision 2030, as well as Dubai’s Plan 2021 and the Dubai Integrated Energy Strategy 2030, lead the drive towards economic diversification and sustainable development in their respective emirates (Nationally Determined Contribution, 2016). The UAE is located in a highly arid and water scarce coastal environment with high temperature and humidity in the summer months. Rising sea levels could affect the UAE’s critical infrastructures, such as desalination and power stations, as well as habitats located on coastal zones facing the Arabian Gulf or the Gulf of Oman (Fourth National Communication, 2018). 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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