United Arab Emirates

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting United Arab Emirates.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for United Arab Emirates's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of United Arab Emirates's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is located on the Arabian Peninsula between latitudes 22.0° and 26.5° N and longitudes between 51.0° and 56.5° E. The UAE has a total land area of 83,600 km2 and 1,318 km of coastline that extends along the southeastern part of the Arabian Gulf to the western shores of Gulf of Oman. The UAE’s population has more than tripled since 1995, reaching 9,400,145 in 2017, of which over 85% are immigrants. In 2016, the UAE reached a GDP (PPP) of $690.5 billion. Hydrocarbon production has made a significant contribution to the country’s social and economic prosperity. However, the UAE’s government strategy has focused on the diversification of the national economy and increased investment in other sectors. As a result, the oil and gas sector contribution to UAE’s GDP has reduced to 30%. Abu Dhabi’s Economic Vision 2030, as well as Dubai’s Plan 2021 and the Dubai Integrated Energy Strategy 2030, lead the drive towards economic diversification and sustainable development in their respective emirates (Nationally Determined Contribution, 2016). The UAE is located in a highly arid and water scarce coastal environment with high temperature and humidity in the summer months. Rising sea levels could affect the UAE’s critical infrastructures, such as desalination and power stations, as well as habitats located on coastal zones facing the Arabian Gulf or the Gulf of Oman (Fourth National Communication, 2018).