Country

Nicaragua

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Nicaragua.

Country Context

The Republic of Nicaragua is a country located in the Central American isthmus, between the equatorial line and the Tropic of Cancer, approximately between 11° and 15° N latitude and 83°- 88° W longitude. Nicaragua shares borders with Honduras to the north, Costa Rica to the south, the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Caribbean Sea to the east. It has an area of 130,370 km2, of which 120,293.7 km2 are solid ground, 471.9 km2 are insular territory, 10,407.6 km2 are lakes and lagoons, and 148 km2 are mountainous peaks of more than 1,000 m. The country has a population of 5,815,524 people, of which 57% live in urban areas and 43% in rural areas. Nicaragua remains one of the poorest countries in Latin America. According to estimates by the World Bank for 2014, 30% of the population were poor, and about 80% were poor or vulnerable to becoming poor, and many Nicaraguans still lacked access to basic services.

Nicaragua is highly exposed to natural disasters and climate change. The spatial distribution of urban centers, rapid urbanization and proliferation of precarious settlements, high concentration of poverty in rural areas, and the impact of weather events on water resources and agriculture are some factors contributing to increased vulnerability to natural hazards and climate change. Areas for policy action include the need to enhance early warning systems for natural hazards, a better integration of knowledge of disaster risk management in landuse planning, building resiliency in public infrastructure, namely identifying vulnerabilities in the road network, and better managing increased climatic risks in agriculture. These problems are exacerbated by mismanagement of natural resources. Nicaragua ratified the Paris Agreement on October 23, 2017 and its Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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