Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Moldova.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Moldova's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications in the map below use observed, historical data (sourced from the Climate Research Unit [CRU]) and are derived by applying the Köppen-Geiger climate classification methodology. This classification divides climate into five primary climate groups, which are divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five primary groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates, except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter). It is important to understand the different climate contexts that exist within a country as well as the surrounding region when analyzing current climates and projected change. Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Moldova's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF


The Republic of Moldova, covering an area of 33,846 km2, is a land-locked country located in Central Europe in the north-western Balkans. The geographic relief of Moldova is represented by hills and flatland areas, with uplands mostly in the central part of the country. Moldova is a small lower-middle income economy with a population of about 2.6 million (2020), a decrease of 0.6% since 2000. The majority of the population is concentrated in the rural areas. Its main sectors of economy are agriculture, manufacturing or industry, and the services sector, including transport and communications, financial, and construction sub-sectors. Moldova is vulnerable to the impacts of temperature increase, changes in precipitation regimes, and increase in climate aridity from extreme weather events such as heatwaves and frost, floods, storms with heavy rains and hails, and severe droughts. Floods are a major concern to Moldova as 10 major floods have been reported over the past 70 years, three of which occurred in the 21st century (in 2006, 2008, and 2010).