Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Chad.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Chad's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Chad's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Republic of Chad is a large, landlocked Central African country that straddles the subtropical, semi-arid belt known as the Sahel. The economy is heavily dependent on oil, accounting for 36% of gross domestic product, agriculture and livestock constituting 21%, trade 13%, and all other sectors accounting for 29%. Critical development challenges for Chad include reducing their dependence on oil revenues, diversifying the economy, and growing other sectors, especially the private sector. As a result of their reliance on oil, the economy is quite vulnerable to oil price shocks. 45% of Chadians are living in poverty and face severe deprivation of a range of basic needs. For example, 93% of the population lives in households that lack adequate sanitation and food insecurity affects 44.2% of the population. Chad also faces severe environmental degradation, exemplified by the drying up of Lake Chad, increased desertification, declining fish stocks, disappearance of certain animal and plant species, and soil degradation.

The Ministry of Environment and Fishery Resources is the focal point for all policies and documents related to energy, environment, mitigation and adaptation in Chad. Chad ratified the Paris Agreement on January 12, 2017 and the associated Intended Nationally Determined Contribution.