Faroe Islands

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Faroe Islands.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Faroe Islands's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Faroe Islands's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Faroe Islands consist of 18 small, mountainous islands situated in the North Atlantic at about 62°N and 7°W. The islands have a total land area of 1,399 km2 and a population of 49,864 (2017). The Faroe Islands is a modern, developed society with a standard of living comparable to other Nordic countries. However, the economy is not yet as diversified. Fishery and related industries are of such importance that their influence determines the overall performance of the Faroese economy. An economy with high dependence on fish products and exporting them is bound to be vulnerable to the changes in catches, fish prices, and exchange rates. The climate in the Faroe Islands is strongly affected by the warm North Atlantic current (the Gulf Stream) and frequent passage of cyclones, which, depending on the location of the polar front, mainly come from southwest and west. The Faroe Islands have an extremely maritime climate, where the differences between summer and winter are relatively small. Projections with global climate models show a rise of about 3°C in annual mean temperature, a rise in winter precipitation of about 30% and a slight increase of 10% in summer towards the end of the century compared to 1986-2005 (Seventh National Communication, 2017).