Country

China

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting China.

Country Context

The People’s Republic of China is the second largest economy on Earth and the largest country by population, with 1.4 billion people. The country is highly diverse, both in geography and ethnography. Four of the ten largest cities on Earth can be found in China, all with metropolitan areas populated by well over twenty million people. As of 2017, the economy of China was led by the service sector (52.2%) and industry (39.5%), with agriculture contributing 8.3% to national GDP. However, the relative contribution of sectors to GDP is somewhat mismatched against the labor force, with agriculture employing 27.7% of the working population, industry 28.8% and services 43.5%. As of 2016, 4.5% of the population were below the national poverty line, representing a dramatic reduction in poverty rates over the past three decades. Rapid economic growth is believed to have coincided with growth in income and wealth inequality.

Even in proportion to its large size and economy China’s vulnerability to climatic hazards is high. Annual losses to natural hazards average $76 billion and around one third of China’s agricultural land is affected by climatic hazards such as storms, droughts, floods, land subsidence, landslides (ADB, 2015). China’s Nationally Determined Contribution (2016) sets out a strong commitment to a transition to a sustainable and resilient low carbon economy. While vulnerability, as indicated by poverty rates, has rapidly reduced in China, levels of risk have remained high due to equally rapid rises in exposure as rapid development has taken place in urban areas without sufficient protection to natural hazards. China’s Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (2012) identifies the impacts of climate change in areas such as agriculture, water resources, ecosystems, coastal areas and human health as priority concerns.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

Explore further

Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

Explore further

Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

Explore further

Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

Explore further