Country

Mexico

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Mexico.

Country Context

The United Mexican States is located in the southern portion of North America. More than 65% of Mexico is over 1000 meters above sea level, with 47% comprising slopes steeper than 27%. Location and topography, therefore, play distinctive roles in climate diversification. The country has a rapidly growing industry and services economy. Industry alone contributed 35% of annual gross domestic product (GDP) in 2009 (World Bank estimate). Although 52% of the total land area is devoted to agriculture, agriculture contributed only 4% to Mexico’s GDP in 2009.

Mexico has presented five National Communications with their respective greenhouse gas inventories to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Mexican congress unanimously approved the General Law on Climate Change and made Mexico the first developing country to have a comprehensive law on this subject. The National Strategy on Climate Change adopted the program for addressing climate change in 2013. Mexico ratified the Paris Agreement on September 21, 2016 and the associated Intended Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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