Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Mexico.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Mexico's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Mexico's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The United Mexican States is located in the southern portion of North America. More than 65% of Mexico is over 1000 meters above sea level, with 47% comprising slopes steeper than 27%. Location and topography, therefore, play distinctive roles in climate diversification. The country has a rapidly growing industry and services economy. Industry alone contributed 35% of annual gross domestic product (GDP) in 2009 (World Bank estimate). Although 52% of the total land area is devoted to agriculture, agriculture contributed only 4% to Mexico’s GDP in 2009.

Mexico has presented five National Communications with their respective greenhouse gas inventories to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Mexican congress unanimously approved the General Law on Climate Change and made Mexico the first developing country to have a comprehensive law on this subject. The National Strategy on Climate Change adopted the program for addressing climate change in 2013. Mexico ratified the Paris Agreement on September 21, 2016 and the associated Intended Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.