Country

Niger

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Niger.

Country Context

The Republic of Niger is situated in West Africa between 0° and 16° E and latitudes 11° and 24° N, with parts of its 1,267,000 km2 located within the Sahel and Sahara causing three-quarters of its terrain to be deserts. The majority of its 16 million inhabitants are concentrated in the southern part of the country, where the climate is more favorable for agricultural and pastoral activities. Niger is bordered by Algeria and Libya to the north, Chad to the east, Nigeria and Benin to the south, while Burkina Faso and Mali are its western neighbors. The country has been prone to political instability, as recently as 2011, and is prone to natural disasters such as droughts, floods, and locust infestations, all of which contribute to chronic food insecurity. 56% of the population lives in poverty, and Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world, positioned at 187 out of 187 on the United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Report 2014.

Climate change poses a large threat to Niger’s economic stability and resiliency. Niger ratified the Paris Agreement and submitted its first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) on September 20, 2016. Priority adaptation measures outlined in its NDC focus on the agriculture, livestock, water resources, transport, and public health sectors with emphasis on transfer of technologies; increased capacity in the area of research; and systematic observations and actions in the area of awareness building, education and training, and information. 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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