Country

Qatar

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Qatar.

Country Context

Qatar is located in Western Asia, on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. 97% of the population lives in cities, making Qatar one of the most urbanized countries in the world. High economic growth rates saw the total population triple from 422,000 in 1990 to 1.5 million in 2009. Qatar’s economy is dominated by the oil and gas sector, which contributes about 60% to gross domestic product. However, unstable oil prices and resource depletion make economic diversification important. Limited agricultural production is due to scarce water resources, low water quality and quantity, poor soils and harsh climatic conditions. Due to these circumstances, Qatar imports the bulk of its food. As most water needs are met through desalination processes, meeting increasing needs due to population growth is also likely to increase energy needs for such processes, thus posing serious challenges to sustainable economic development.

The Ministry of the Environment (MoE) is the national focal point for climate change in Qatar. MoE is supported in its function by a national policy formulating body, the “National Committee on Climate Change”. The country has also put forward a Qatar National Vision 2030 that contains four pillars: Human, Social, Economic and Environmental development. It is through the fourth pillar that the government seeks to preserve and protect its unique environment. It strikes a balance between development needs and environmental protection, and supports international efforts to mitigate the effects of climate change, for both mitigation and adaptation. Qatar ratified the Paris Agreement on June 23, 2017 and the associated Intended Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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