Country

Croatia

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Croatia.

Country Context

The Republic of Croatia is part of the Adriatic-Mediterranean and Pannonia-Danube countries in Central Europe and shares land borders with Slovenia, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia. Croatia’s sea coast equates 6,278 km (29.9% of inland, 70.1% of islands). The country has a population of nearly 4.2 million people (2016), but population growth rate has been in continued decline since the mid 2000s. The country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was more than $50.7 billion (2016), currently experiencing annual growth of 3.0% (2016). The Croatian economy is dominated by the services sector (including wholesale and retail, transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate) accounting for 69.8% of GDP, followed by industry (including mining, manufacturing, construction, electricity, water, and gas) accounting for 26.3% of GDP and the agricultural sector, which accounts for 4% of the country’s GDP.

Croatia is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and has identified water resources (consumption and irrigation), coast and coastal zones, forestry and land use change, agriculture, biodiversity, and human health as its most vulnerable sectors. Croatia submitted its Sixth National Communication and First Biennial Report to the UNFCCC in 2014. The report highlights the country’s focus on the development of effective adaptation and mitigation strategies. Croatia is also making efforts to strengthen education, multi-sector training, and public awareness of climate change in order to strengthen public and economic resilience to expected impacts.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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