Country

Mauritania

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Mauritania.

Country Context

Mauritania is located on the coast of the West African Sahel and has a total land mass of 1.03 million km2. The Mauritanian economy is largely dependent on mining, fisheries, livestock and to a lesser degree, agriculture.  Mauritania remains one of the Least Developed Countries in the world, with 46.3% of the population living on less than one US dollar a day.  In 2017, the country has a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of $2.16 billion; it has a population of 4.4 million people with a  population growth rate at of 2.7%. The country has experienced highly volatile, yet positive growth rates since 2010. The country’s GDP is led by agriculture, fishing and forestry, which accounts for 22.9% of GDP and the industry sector (including mining, construction, electricity, water and gas), which contributes 28.7% of GDP. 

Mauritania is divided into two major climatic zones: the Sahara and the Sahel, each with a coastal shade and a continental shade. The coastline for each climatic zone is characterized by relatively high humidity and low diurnal and annual diurnal ties, while the inland areas have larger temperature differences and extreme air aridity, with very low rainfall and high evaporation. Mauritania’s Nationally Determined Contribution was submitted to UNFCCC in 2017.  Its NDC is focused on increasing the country’s resilience to climate change through the promotion of low carbon growth, while also increasing adaptation for low lying coastal areas, upgrading infrastructure and strengthening the country’s food security position.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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