Country

Oman

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Oman.

Country Context

The Sultanate of Oman is located in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula, and the landscape ranges from rugged mountains to desert plains. Oman’s economy is dominantly dependent on crude oil, though investments in economic diversification are being made. Oman imports more than 50% of its food to meet the needs of its population. Increasing climate variability is likely to negatively impact the country’s already-struggling agricultural sector. Oman’s economic development is at risk to the potential impacts of climate change. Groundwater pollution and the increase of water salinity are of growing concern, and soil salinity and desertification are increasing. Furthermore, a range of socioeconomic and institutional factors hamper Oman’s ability to respond to current and projected changes in climate, including low national institutional capacity, lack of long-term reliable data or technical capacity to analyze data, and others. These challenges must be met in order to strategically respond to climate change and its impacts.

The Ministry of Environment & Climate Affairs is the focal point for all climate change related communication in Oman. The National Committee for Climate Change provides guidance, coordination, and oversight for all environment and climate change activities. The Committee for the last initial national communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was composed of representatives from 11 ministries. In its development, the Ministry facilitated training programs, which targeted both greenhouse gas inventory development for mitigation and vulnerability assessments under adaptation. Oman has yet to ratify the Paris Agreement as of March 2018, but the associated Intended Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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