Country

Maldives

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Maldives.

Country Context

The Maldives is an archipelago of 25 low-lying coral atolls in the Indian ocean. The country consists of a total of 1190 small tropical islands out of which only 358 are used for economic activities and human settlement. More than 80% of the Maldives’ land area is less than 1 meter above sea level. The driving force of the Maldives’ economy is tourism, which contributes about one third of the gross domestic product (GDP) and is also the fastest growing economic sector within the country. The second largest economic sector is fisheries, which contributes to around 7% of the nation’s GDP and provides direct or indirect income to more than 20% of the population. Both fisheries and a vast portion of the tourism industry’s infrastructure are primarily located in regions that are within 100m of the coastline, which makes the Maldivian economy particularly sensitive to sea level rise and coastal storms.

The Ministry of Environment and Energy is the main agency responsible for preparing and coordinating a climate change policy framework in the Maldives. The country released the “Maldives National Climate Change Policy Framework” in August 2015 which lists out five goals. The framework aims to develop sustainable financing for adaptation efforts, ensure low emission development, build climate resilient infrastructure and strengthen adaptation efforts and foster sustainable development. The Maldives ratified the Paris Agreement on April 22, 2016 and the associated Intended Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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