Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Burundi.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Burundi's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications in the map below use observed, historical data (sourced from the Climate Research Unit [CRU]) and are derived by applying the Köppen-Geiger climate classification methodology. This classification divides climate into five primary climate groups, which are divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five primary groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates, except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter). It is important to understand the different climate contexts that exist within a country as well as the surrounding region when analyzing current climates and projected change. Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Burundi's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF


Burundi is a landlocked country in East Africa in the Great Lakes Region, surrounded by Rwanda to the North, Tanzania to the East, the Democratic Republic of Congo to the West and bordered by Lake Tanganyika to the Southwest. It is a low-income economy where 80% of the population is employed in agriculture. It is one of the most densely populated countries in Sub-Saharan Africa with 11.6 million people of which 50.4% (2019) are women. The agriculture sector, dominated by subsistence farming, accounts for nearly half of the country’s GDP (2019). Burundi is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change from changing climate patterns such as increased rainfall and heat, as well as catastrophic situations, which impact the country’s development efforts and its key economic sector.