Country

Burundi

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Burundi.

Country Context

The Republic of Burundi is a landlocked country located in Central Africa just south of the equator. Two hydrological basins run through the country: the Nile Basin and the Congo Basin. Yet, water is a vulnerable resource due to multiple factors, including climatic conditions and unequal space-time distribution of rainfall. Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy with 90% of the population depending on it for their livelihood. This sector, combined with animal husbandry, contributes about 40-60% of the gross domestic product, with exports mainly from coffee, tea, and cotton constituting 70-85% of export revenues. Burundi has the second highest population density in sub-Saharan Africa and years of civil war have severely damaged its economic structure and contributed to widespread poverty, with many lacking access to modern health services, potable water, and electricity. 

The Ministry of Water, the Environment, Land Management and Urban Planning, along with l’Institut Géographique du Burundi (IGEBU) and Office Burundais pour la Protection de l'Environnement (OBPE), develop and implement matters related to climate change. The Ministry enjoys support from the National Environment Commission, the Sectoral Group on Water, Sanitation and the Environment, the National Water Partnership and the National Platform for Risk Prevention and Disaster Management. Burundi ratified the Paris Agreement on January 17, 2018 and the associated Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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