Country

Sri Lanka

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Sri Lanka.

Country Context

Sri Lanka is an island in the Indian Ocean, consisting of a mountainous area in the south-central part and a vast surrounding coastal plain. Over the last century, much of the country’s expansive forest cover, rich in biodiversity, has been destroyed, with less than one third of the area still under forest cover. The economy is primarily driven by agriculture and the manufacturing sector. The coastal areas are important in meeting livelihood needs through agriculture and fisheries. As with many island nations, storm surges and coastal erosion are a problem. Changes in the frequency and intensity of extreme climatic events, sea level rise, and storm surges are the major concerns for Sri Lanka. These changes, along with the changes in forest cover and land use, are expected to further exacerbate the threats to the coastal areas of Sri Lanka, the different sectors of the national economy, and human health.

The Climate Change Secretariat (CCS) was established by the Ministry of Mahaweli Development and Environment in 2008. The CCS has established a national platform to address climate change issues in Sri Lanka. The CCS holds consultation forums and develops policies, actions, and research studies on mitigation, impacts, and adaptations. Among the policies and strategies are: National Climate Change Policy of Sri Lanka, National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy, and the Climate Change Vulnerability Profiles. The CCS also promotes private sector participation in clean development mechanism projects and ensures that the policies are consistent with national development priorities and objectives. Sri Lanka ratified the Paris Agreement on September 21, 2016 and its Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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