Country

Latvia

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Latvia.

Country Context

Latvia is situated on the edge of the Eastern European Plain near the Baltic Sea between 55°40' and 58°05' N latitude and between 20°58' and 28°14' E longitude. Latvia borders with Estonia in the north, with Lithuania in the south, with Belarus in the southeast and with Russia in the east. Latvia’s territory covers an area of 64573 km2 in total, of which 54.1% is covered by forests, 29.2% is agricultural land and about 4% are settlements. Reforms implemented in Latvia and integration in the EU have left a positive impact on the economic development of the country. In 2015 the main exported goods were agricultural products and foodstuffs (18.7%), machinery, electrical equipment and appliances, (18.6%), and wood and its products (16.7%). Population of Latvia was 1.95 million in 2017, of which 68.3% live in urban areas and 31.7% live in rural areas.

Latvia’s climate is cold and temperate. It is influenced by the country’s location in the northwest of the Eurasian continent, distance from Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Riga and relief of the territory of the territory. Since the beginning of the 20th century, records of average air temperature in Latvia have a long-term trend of warming. The year 2015 was the warmest year in 93 years. Latvia submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as an EU Member State in 2015 and its Seventh National Communication in 2017.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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