Country

Italy

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Italy.

Country Context

Italy is located in the Southern part of Europe and includes the Italian peninsula that stretches from the Alps into the Mediterranean Sea, and several islands including Sicily and Sardinia. The Italian peninsula lies between latitudes 47° and 35° N and longitudes 6° and 18° E. Italy’s national area is 301,340 km2, of which 40% is mountainous. Approximately 10.5% of the national surface land is included in protected areas. In 2015-16, Italy’s economy grew at about 1% each year, and in 2017 growth accelerated to 1.5% of GDP. Italy’s population was 59.4 million in 2011. Compared to 2001, population grew by 4.3% mainly due to the migratory movements that counterbalanced the negative natural trend. Italy is located in an area identified as particularly vulnerable to climate change. Climate observations already confirm an increase of the average temperature as well as an upward trend in extreme temperatures. Projections also show an increase in heavy precipitations and extreme temperatures. Italy is prone to natural hazards and climate change is expected to increase its vulnerability to climate-related hazards over the next decades. Italy submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as an EU Member State in 2015 and its Seventh National Communication in 2018.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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