Country

Italy

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Italy.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Italy's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Italy's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.


Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

Italy is located in the Southern part of Europe and includes the Italian peninsula that stretches from the Alps into the Mediterranean Sea, and several islands including Sicily and Sardinia. The Italian peninsula lies between latitudes 47° and 35° N and longitudes 6° and 18° E. Italy’s national area is 301,340 km2, of which 40% is mountainous. Approximately 10.5% of the national surface land is included in protected areas. In 2015-16, Italy’s economy grew at about 1% each year, and in 2017 growth accelerated to 1.5% of GDP. Italy’s population was 59.4 million in 2011. Compared to 2001, population grew by 4.3% mainly due to the migratory movements that counterbalanced the negative natural trend. Italy is located in an area identified as particularly vulnerable to climate change. Climate observations already confirm an increase of the average temperature as well as an upward trend in extreme temperatures. Projections also show an increase in heavy precipitations and extreme temperatures. Italy is prone to natural hazards and climate change is expected to increase its vulnerability to climate-related hazards over the next decades. Italy submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as an EU Member State in 2015 and its Seventh National Communication in 2018.