Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Andorra.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Andorra's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications in the map below use observed, historical data (sourced from the Climate Research Unit [CRU]) and are derived by applying the Köppen-Geiger climate classification methodology. This classification divides climate into five primary climate groups, which are divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five primary groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates, except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter). It is important to understand the different climate contexts that exist within a country as well as the surrounding region when analyzing current climates and projected change. Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Andorra's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The landlocked Principality of Andorra is one of the smallest states in Europe. The country has an area of 468 km2 and a population of 77,142. Andorra has a per capita income above the European average and above its neighbors, Spain and France. Tourism, retail sales, and finance comprise more than three-quarters of GDP. Duty-free shopping and resorts attract millions of visitors annually. Agricultural production is limited given that only 5% of land is arable. The agriculture and forestry sector represent 0.6% of GDP. Andorra is a mountainous country, and therefore it is particularly sensitive to climate change.

The climate of Andorra is a humid mountain climate of mid-latitudes, but with a Mediterranean influence in the southern sector, where the characteristics are of continental Mediterranean climate. Some effects of climate change are already being perceived in the country’s mountains with an increase of about 0.17°C per decade in temperature and a decrease in annual rainfall of about 49 mm per decade. These variations are likely to result in impacts on water resources and snow cover, essential for sports related tourism.