Country

Singapore

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Singapore.

Country Context

Singapore is a small island state in Southeast Asia and consists of one main island and more than 60 small ones. It is located between latitudes 1°09’ and 1°29’N and longitudes 103°36’ and 104°25’E. It is separated from Peninsular Malaysia by the Straits of Johor and the Indonesian islands by the Straits of Singapore. Singapore’s total land area is 716 km2. Much of the island is flat and relatively low-lying. In 2013, Singapore’s total population, including foreigners working in Singapore, was estimated to be 5.4 million. Singapore is an export-oriented economy that is highly dependent on international trade. In 2013, Singapore’s external trade amounted to S$980 billion, about 2.6 times the GDP of Singapore (S$370 billion). As a small, low-lying city-state, Singapore is vulnerable to the consequences of climate change, such as rising sea levels, intense rainfall, dry spells and other extreme weather events. As such, adapting to the effects of climate change is a national priority. Singapore submitted its Third National Communication in 2014. Key sectors for adaptation measures highlighted in its Nationally Determined Contribution in 2016 include food security, public health, infrastructure resilience, flood risks, water security, coastal line and biodiversity.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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