Country

Timor Leste

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Timor Leste.

Country Context

Timor-Leste is located at the eastern end of the Lesser Sunda archipelago. Timor-Leste is one of the poorest countries in Asia with an economy that relies mainly on aid funds and oil revenues. Agriculture contributes to the subsistence of an estimated 85% of the country’s population. This sector provides direct employment to approximately 80% of the workforce and it generates an average of 90% of the country’s exports, with coffee being the main commodity. Timor-Leste’s topography consists of a narrow plain around the coast, rugged hills, while the central mountain range dominates the rest of the country. An estimated 44% of the country has steep slopes which promote soil erosion with heavy rainfall. Climate variability is likely to negatively impact agriculture, while projected increase in rainfall intensity may increase the risk of floods and droughts. Climate change is a threat to Timor-Leste’s development, though a range of socioeconomic and institutional factors hinder the country’s ability to respond to current and projected changes in climate.

The Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Environment – State Secretary for the Environment is the key coordinating body for climate action and interaction with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Timor-Leste. In its Initial Communication to the UNFCCC, Timor-Leste indicated the need to integrate climate change policy aspects into the National Development Plan, and will do so by potentially establishing an inter-Ministerial decree for increased collaboration between State agencies. Timor-Leste ratified the Paris Agreement on August 16, 2017 and its Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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